The Engagement Subscale Epistemology was also significant predictor of the therapy style along the Engagement subscale, F(2, 1096) = , p < .001 (R 2 = .08). 245) for the rationalist epistemology, t(1096) = – 8.42, p < .001, was in the opposite direction compared to the significant standardized beta coefficient (? = 0.119) for the constructivist epistemology, t(1096) = 4.08, p < .001, along the Engagement subscale.
The Attentional Subscale Epistemology was also significant predictor of the therapy style along the Attentional subscale, F(2, 1096) = , p < .001 (R 2 = .18). The significant standardized beta coefficient (? = 0.396) for the rationalist epistemology t(1096) = , p < .001, was in the positive direction; whereas the significant standardized beta coefficient (? = –0.129) for the constructivist epistemology t(1096) = –4.12, p < .001, which was in the negative direction along the Attentional subscale. This supported the hypothesis that the rationalist epistemology has more of a leaning towards a narrow focus on the Attentional subscale, and the constructivist epistemology leans more towards a broad focus on the Attentional subscale.
The Operative Subscale Lastly, epistemology was a significant predictor of the therapy style along the Operative subscale, F(2, 1093) = , p < .001 (R 2 = .256). The standardized beta coefficient (? = 0.461) for the rationalist epistemology was significant, t(1093) = , p < .0001 and in the positive direction, compared to the significant standardized beta coefficient (? = –0.170), for the constructivist epistemology, t(1093) = –6.50, p < .0001, which was in the negative direction along the Operative subscale. This supported the hypothesis that the rationalist epistemology tends towards more planning on the Operative subscale and the constructivist epistemology tends towards more spontaneity on the Operative subscale.
That it supported the newest hypothesis the rationalist epistemology seems into the a beneficial cheaper standard of involvement towards Involvement subscale in addition to constructivist epistemology looks toward a heightened amount of involvement to your Wedding subscale
For this reason, epistemology (rationalist compared to. constructivist) try discovered to be a life threatening predictor regarding procedures concept. Particularly, the most sturdy conclusions give provisional assistance on opinion one to there are particular differences in the private sorts of brand new counselor with respect to the therapists’ epistemic assumptions. A lot more specifically, the current studies found that therapists which have rationalist epistemologies tended towards the a lot more length, a lesser standard of involvement, a narrower attention, and you may a greater level of believe within their instructions which have members, while, brand new constructivist epistemology tended to the with an increased standard of closeness, an elevated degree of engagement, a broader appeal, and a lot more love of life in their medication instructions. While doing so, there clearly was specific support with the insight that therapists that have constructivist epistemologies tend on the guidance off freedom in the place of firmness inside the the treatment build; yet not this was perhaps not a really strong selecting in today’s studies.
These types of conclusions are of help in terms of the newest potentially intrinsic variations managed by the rationalist instead of constructivist epistemologies based on treatment concept. Much more especially, current results support the perception one intellectual-behavioural treatment, and this show a knowledgeable depiction of one’s rationalist epistemology, take care of an “active-directive” and you can logical way of therapy (Granvold, 1988) having specific wants regularly package the category of one’s tutorial (Mahoney Lyddon, what is spdate 1988).
Hypothesis 2-Epistemology Influences this new Therapeutic Dating
With regards to the next hypothesis-therapists that have rationalist epistemologies tend to score higher with the Activity and you will Objective subscales and lower into the Bond subscale compared to constructivist epistemologies-several other several linear regression design try held to choose when your exact same predictor variable (specialist epistemology) perform influence therapists’ analysis of the standards parameters (doing work alliance) considering therapists’ an incredible number of around three subscales-Activity, Purpose, and you may Thread.